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Traveling always costs you a lot of money, energy and also time. Whenever people go for traveling, they usually have few concerns regarding local societies, environment or climate change and economic deficit. Therefore, a planning for sustainable tourism will help many people such as tourists, local authorities, tourism stakeholders and community members. What do you understand about Sustainable Tourism?
”Sustainable tourism development requires the informed participation of all relevant stakeholders, as well as strong political leadership to ensure wide participation and consensus building. Achieving sustainable tourism is a continuous process and it requires constant monitoring of impacts, introducing the necessary preventive and/or corrective measures whenever necessary.”
World Tourism Organization, 2004
To understand it easily, sustainable tourism is conventional tourism which involved both nature and man-made environment such as snorkeling, checking coral reefs and eco-camp. Other than that, it can also be represented in the chart as follow:
Responsible tourism is any form of tourism that can be consumed in a more responsible way. It involves local decisions, makes positive contributions, improves working conditions and et cetera. In the other hand, Ceballos-LAscurain (1993) said that ecotourism is environmentally responsible travel and visitation to relatively undisturbed natural areas, in order to enjoy, study and appreciate nature (and any accompanying cultural features – both past and present), that promotes conservation, has low visitor impact, and provides for beneficially active socio-economic involvement of local populations. While geotourism focus on the ‘sense of place’ in an area rather than the industry’s efforts, the voluntourism is a form of travel where one volunteers on projects which give back to the community.
According to World Tourism Organization (2004) again stated that sustainable tourism should also maintain a high level of tourist satisfaction and ensure a meaningful experience to the tourists, raising their awareness about sustainability issues and promoting sustainable tourism practices amongst them. The sustainable issues that are arise from the conventional tourism such as soil erosion, increased pollution, discharges into the sea, natural habitat loss, increased pressure on endangered species and heightened vulnerability to forest fires. All those are negative effects from the development of tourism. Therefore, Malaysia needs to organize a sustainable tourism in order to maintain the environmental resources and at the same time to cope the growing of environmental tourism.
In order to reach the aim to develop a sustainable tourism, certain criteria need to be adopted. The following are the suitable criteria which can be practiced.
It is hope that we can practice the steps in developing sustainable tourism in order to preserve the environments especially nature which could not be created in just one or two years of time. Therefore, the planning of developing man-made environment such as urban forest or always known as ‘Hutan Bandar’ is somehow relevant to the aim of sustainability.